Isolation of Bacterial Pathogens from Patients with Postoperative Surgical Site Infections

Srijita Dutta

Assistant Professor, Department of pharmaceutical technology, Bengal school of technology, India.

Abstract

The bacterial pathogens are more in hospital environment since it houses both patients with
diverse pathogenic microorganisms and a large number of susceptible individuals. Surgical site
infection is one of the most frequent types of nosocomial infections in developing countries. The
infection follows interference with the skin barrier, and is associated with the intensity of
bacterial contamination of the wound at surgery or later in wards during wound care. Bacterial
pathogens isolated from hospital environments are also known to develop resistance to multiple
antimicrobial agents. The emergence of multi- drug resistant organisms in hospital results in
difficulty to treat nosocomial infections. The predominant causes of postoperative surgical site
infections were Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella and Proteus species. Medical equipment,
environmental surfaces, air and hands of health personnel were found to be contaminated with
various types of bacterial pathogens of nosocomial importance. It is imperative that all
professionals should take an active role in infection control within their organization and more
resources should be provided to encourage good antibiotic practice and good hygiene in the
hospital.
Keywords: Bacterial pathogen; Drug resistance; Hospital environments; Postoperative surgical
site infection

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